Syllabus (Psychology)

 PSYCHOLOGY

Total Lecture: 50 Hrs

Exam time: 3 Hrs.                                                                      

 Total marks: 100

                                                                                                              Written:   80

Sessional: 20 

  • Introduction to psychology

  • Perspectives of psychology

  • Psychology and Disability, Illness and Rehabilitation

  • Branches of psychology.

  • Method of psychology.

  • Behavior: Definition, type, Development and growth, Infancy, Childhood and adolescence

  • Motivation: Definition, Classification, Motivation cycle, Maslow’s theory, Relationship between motivation and behavior, Impact of motivation on rehabilitation

  • Learning : Definition, Classification, Conditions of learning

  • Memory: Definition, Types, Process and elements of memory, Memory upgrading techniques, Memory loss (forgetting), Definition, Causes.

  • Cognition: Cognitive development (incl. Piaget and stages of play), Intelligence, Intelligence quotient (IQ) measures

  • Socialization: Definition, Agents of socialization, Types of socialization, Secondary socialization: Role, status & career

  • Conflict: Definition, Types, Frustration

  • Abnormal behavior: Definition, Types, Causes

  • Heredity and Environment: Twins, Relative importance of heredity and environment, their role in relation to physical characteristics, intelligence and personality, nature – nature controversy.

  • Development and Growth Behavior: Infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, middle age, old age. .

  • Psychological needs: Information, security, self-esteem, competence, love and hope.

  • Emotions: Definitions Differentiate from feelings, psychological changes of emotion, Role of RAS, hypothalamus, cerebral cortex, sympathetic nervous system, adrenal gland, heredity and emotion, Nature and control of anger, fear and anxiety.
  • Personality:
  1. Definitions: List of components: Physical characteristics, character, abilities, temperament, interest and attitudes.
  2. Discuss briefly the role of heredity, nervous system, physical characteristics, abilities, family and culture of personality development.
  3. Basic concepts of Freud: unconscious, conscious, ID, ego and superego, List and define the oral, anal and phallic stages of personality department list and define the 8 stages as proposed by Erickson, 4 concepts of learning as proposed by Dollard and Miller; drive, cue, response and reinforcement.
  4. Personality assessment: interview, standardized, non-standardized, Exhaustive, and stress interviews, list and define inventories BAL, CPI, and MMPI, projective test: Rorschach, TAT and sentence completion test.
  • Thinking: Definition, concepts, creativity, steps in creative thinking, list the traits of creative people, delusion.
  • Frustration: Definition, sources, solution, Conflict; Approach – approach, Avoidance – avoidance, and approach – avoidance solution.
  • Sensation, Attention and Perception
  1. List of senses: Vision, Hearing, Olfactory, Gustatory and coetaneous sensation, movement, equilibrium and visceral sense. Define attention and list factors that determine attention: nature of stimulus intensity, colour, change, extensity, repetition, movement size, curiosity, primary motives.
  2. Define perception and list the principles of perception: Figure ground, constancy, similarity, proximity, closure, continuity values and interests, past experience context, needs, moods, religion, sex and age perceived susceptibility perceived seriousness perceived benefits and socioeconomic status.
  3. Define illusion and hallucination.
  4. List visual, auditory, cutaneous, gustatory and olfactory hallucination.
  • Democratic and Authoritarian Leadership: Qualities of leadership: Physical factors, intelligence, self-confidence, sociability, will and dominance. Define attitude. Change of attitude by: Additional information, changes in-group – affiliation, enforced modification by law and procedures that affect personality. (Psychotherapy, Counseling and religious Conversion).
  • Defence Mechanisms of the Ego: Denial, rationalization, projection, reaction formation, identification, repression, emotional insulation, undoing, interjection, acting out depersonalization.

Health Psychology

  1. Psychological Reactions of Patient: Psychological reactions of a patient during admission and treatment anxiety, shock, denial, suspicion, questioning, loneliness, regression, shame, guilt, rejection, fear, withdrawal, depression, egocentricity, concern about small matters, narrowed interests, emotional over reactions, perpetual changes, confusion, disorientation, hallucinations, delusions, illusions, anger, hostility, loss of hope.
  2. Reactions to Loss: Reactions to loss, death and bereavement shock and disbelief, development of awareness, restitution, resolution. Stages of acceptance as proposed by Kubler. – Ross.
  3. Stress: Physiological and Psychological relation to health and sickness: psychosomatic, professional stress burnout.
  1. Communication:
  • Types verbal, non-verbal, elements in communication, barriers to good communication, developing effective communication, specific communication techniques.
  • Counseling: Definition, Aim, differentiates from guidance, principles in counseling and personality qualities of counselors.

5. Compliance: Nature, factors, contributing to non-compliance, improving compliance.

  1. Emotional Needs: Emotional needs and psychological factors in relation to unconscious patients, handicapped patients, bed – ridden patients, chronic pain, spinal cord injury, paralysis, cerebral palsy, burns, amputations, disfigurement, head injury, degenerative disorders, parkinsonism, leprosy, incontinence and mental illness.

  2. Geriatric Psychology: Specific psychological reactions and needs of geriatric patients.

8.  Pediatric Psychology: Specific psychological reactions and needs of geriatric patients.

9. Behavior Modification: Application of various conditioning and learning principles to modify patient behaviors.

  1. Substance Abuse: Psychological aspects of substance abuse: smoking, alcoholism and drug addiction.

  2. Personality Styles: Different Personality styles of patients.

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