PHYSIOTHERAPY IN ORTHOPEDIC
Total Lecture: 100 Hrs
Exam Time: 3 Hrs.
Total marks: 150
Oral / Practical: 30
Introduction: Brief review of the following surgical condition and various physiotherapeutic
modalities, aims, means and technique of physiotherapy should be taught.
Traumatology general physiotherapeutic approach for the following conditions:
Fracture and dislocations: Classification and type of displacement, method of immobilization, healing of fractures and factors affecting union, non union, delayed etc. common sites of fractures.
Specific fractures and their complete physiotherapeutic management:
Upper Limb: Clavicle, humerus, ulna, radius, crush injuries of hand etc.
Lower limb: fracture neck of femur, shaft of femur, patella, tibia, pott’s fracture, fracture of tarsal and metatarsals etc.
Spine: fracture and dislocation of cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrate with and without neurological deficits etc.
Surgical procedures: Pre and postoperative management of common corrective procedure like arthroplasty, arthrodesis, osteotomy, lamenectomy, disectomy, tendon transplants, and soft tissue release grafting, including polio residual paralysis and leprosy deformities corrections etc.
Injuries: Soft tissue injuries, synovitis, capsulitis, Volkmann’s ischemic contracture etc. tear of
semilunar cartilage and cruciate ligaments of knee, menisectomy, patellectomy, internal derangement of knee etc.
Amputation: level of amputation of upper limb and lower limb, stump care, stump bandaging,
pre and post prosthetic management including check out of prosthesis, training etc.
Deformities: congenital torticollis and cervical rib, CTEV, Pes cavus, pes planus and other common deformities.
Acquired: Socliosis, kyphosis, lordosis, coxa vara, genu valgum, genu valgum and recurvatum.
Degenerative and infective conditions: osteoarthritis of major joints, spondylosis, spondylitis,
spondylolisthesis, PIVD, Periarthritis of shoulder, Tuberculosis of spine, bone and major joint, perthes disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis etc. and other miscellaneous orthopaedic conditions treated by physiotherapy.
Principles of sports physiotherapy: causes of sports injury, prevention of sports injuries management of acute sports injury, common occurred injuries. Role of physiotherapist in sports, principle & advanced rehabilitation of the injured athlete.
- Various physiotherapy modalities and treatment techniques for the above mentioned conditions to be demonstrated and practiced by the students in clinical setup.