Syllabus (Physiotherapy in Neurology and Pediatrics)

PHYSIOTHERAPY IN NEUROLOGY AND PEDIATRIC

Total Lecture: 100 Hrs

Exam time: 3 Hrs.                                                                       

Total marks: 150

Written: 100

Oral / Practical: 30

                                                                                                                          Sessional: 20

NEUROLOGY

  1. Review of Applied neuroanatomy and physiology.
  2. Normal motor control.
  3. Abnormities of muscle tone and movement.
  4. Review of pathological changes and principle of management by physiotherapy of the following conditions:
    1. Stroke, Spinal cord injury, Tabes dorsalis, cerebellar ataxia, extra pyramidal lesions, Gullian Barre Syndrome, Parkinsonism.
    2. Disseminated sclerosis, Amgotrophic lateral sclerosis, Syringomyela subacute combined degeneration of cord motor neuron disease.
    3. Peripheral Nerve and cranial Nerve lesion e.g. Bell’s palsy.
    4. Neuritis and Neuralgia – Brachial plexus injury, sciatica etc.
    5. Infections,- Poliomyelitis, Encephalitis, Polyneuritis Transverse myelitis.
    6. Traumatic head injuries and spinal cord injury.
  5. Principles of physiotherapy assessment and outcome measures.
  6. Knowledge of various investigative procedures (invasive & noninvasive) used in the diagnosis of various neurological disorders
  7. Review of Subjective and Objective Assessment of neurological patient.
  8. Examination of Neurological disorders and principles of treatment.
  9. Theoretical basis of treatment concepts.

-Issues of motor control,

-Classic treatment approaches.

  1. Musculoskeletal treatment concepts applied to neurology.

-Adverse neural tension

  • Muscle imbalance
  1. Specific treatment techniques
    1. Facilitation, Inhabitation, Exercise and movement, electrical stimulation, other techniques Rood, and Bobath,
  2. Physical management of abnormal tone and movement.
  3. Postural management in neurological rehabilitation.
  4. Splinting and the use of orthosis in the management of patients with neurological disorders.
  5. Review about neurosurgical conditions, their complications and management in different stages such as- ICU, acute and chronic stage.

NEUROSURGERY

Review of pathological changes and principle of pre and postoperative management by physiotherapy of the following conditions:

  • Common surgeries of the cranium & brain.
  • Common surgeries of vertebral column & spinal cord.
  • Common surgeries of peripheral nerves.
  • Surgical interventions in traumatic head injuries.

 

 

PAEDIATRICS

  1. Review of normal neonatal development
  • The senses
  • Neurobehaviour.
  • Motor behavior
  • Primitive reflex
  • Postural reactions

2.Abnormal neonatal sign

  • The senses
  • Neurobehaviour
  • Motor behavior
  • Reflexes
  1. Handling in the neonatal period
  • Early intervention
  • Handling and management
  1. Basic principles of development
  • Sequence of development
  • Assessing the level of development
  1. The normal development in the first to fifth year
  • Gross motor development
  • Fine Motor,
  • Postural
  • Behaviors,
  • Cognitive,
  • Visual
  • ADL
  1. Abnormal development first to fifth year following various paediatric conditions
  1. Review of the common Congenital & acquired musculo skeletal, neuromuscular disorders, Congenital & acquired Cardio- pulmonary disorders, Congenital & acquired neurological (CNS & PNS), Hereditary disorders, & development disorders.
  1. Assessment, diagnosis, setting goals, Continuation of the assessment (SOAP), and other relevant documentation.
  1. Principal of physiotherapy management using different treatment approaches e.g., Bobath, Conductive education, PNF, Rood etc

10.The common equipment, prescription of equipment and their use.

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