Syllabus (Physiology –I)

 PHYSIOLOGY-I

Total Lecture: 200 Hrs

Exam time: 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                     

    Total marks: 200

    Written: 100

Oral/ Practical: 50

                                                                               Sessional: 50

General Introduction:

Cell Introduction: Outline of basic concepts of cell structure, functions of components and transport across membranes.

Skin: Functions, blood flow and temperature regulation.

Blood and Lymph: Cell renewal system, hemoglobin, erythrocyte granulocyte, lymphocyte, coagulation, regulation of hydrogen within concentration of body fluids, fluid distribution and exchange.

Physiology of the systems of the body:

Digestion: Control of food and water intake and secretion and absorption movements of the alimentary canal.

Circulation: Cardio-vascular system, mechanical and Electro-physiological activity of the heart, regulation of heart, coronary circulation, haemodynamics, circulation through brain, skin and skeletal muscle.

Exertion: Renal functions including formation of Urine & Micturition.

Respiration: Respiratory gases, pulmonary function & gas exchange, control and mechanics of breathing, respiratory adjustments in health & disease (hypoxia, asphyxia, dyspnoea, oxygen therapy, resuscitation etc).

Endocrine system: Outline of various hormones and their actions, pituitary gland, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands & Gonads.

General Metabolism: Carbohydrate, Protein & Fat metabolism.

Neuro – Physiology:

  • Neuron: Properties and functions.
  • Action potential.
  • Special properties of nerve trunks and tracts.
  • Motor units.
  • Reflex physiology.
  • Synapse and synaptic transmission.
  • Supraspinal Control.
  • Cerebellum and basal ganglia.
  • Autonomic nervous system.
  • Somatic sensation.
  • Pain.
  • Taste, Olfaction, Auditory and Vision.
  • Neuro physiological psychology.

 

Physiology practical

  • To study the following Physiological Phenomena:
  • Identification of blood cells and different counts (W.B.C. Count, R.B.C. Count, Hemoglobin percentage and colour index.)
  • E.S.R. and Blood groups.
  • Bleeding time and clotting time.
  • Pulse rate, Heart rate and measurement of Blood Pressure.
  • Respiratory rate
  • Reflexes- Superficial & Deep.
  • Sensations & Motor function.

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