Syllabus (Paediatric)

PAEDIATRIC

Total Lecture: 100 Hrs

Exam Time: 3 Hrs.                                                                       

    Total marks: 150

                                                                                                    Written: 100

                                                                                                    Oral / Practical: 30 

                                                                                                               Sessional: 20

  1. Review normal foetal development & childbirth, including assessment of a neonate.
  2. Development of a normal child neuromotor, physical growth, cognitive, intellectual, social etc.
  3. The examination & assessment of a pediatric patient.
  4. Congenital & acquired musculo-skeletal disorders- etiogenesis, clinical manifestation & principles of Management.
  5. Congenital & acquired Cardio- pulmonary disorders etiogenesis, clinical manifestation & principles of management.
  6. Congenital & acquired neurological disorders (CNS & PNS) etiogenesis, clinical manifestation & principles of management.
  7. Hereditary disorders- etiogenesis, clinical manifestation & principles of management.
  8. Nutritional Vitamins Deficiency & development disorders etiogenesis, clinical manifestation & principles of management.
  9. Burns, Injuries & accident Types & principles of management, including preventive care.
  10. Surgical intervention Indications & common surgical procedure.

11. Prenatal

  • The process of conception and timeline of development of major anatomical structures in the developing foetus.
  • Maternal prenatal health and its effect on the developing foetus.
  • Childbirth and the associated complications.

12. Normal development.

  • The principles of normal development.
  • Reflexes and reactions- the types of reflexes and the age they are apparent in normal development
  • Motor development, the course of motor development from birth, both in terms of gross and fine motor skills, learning about basic motor pattern in different position, and the average age of acquisition of particular skills.
  • Sensory development with reference to vision and hearing and their intimate relationship with other fields of development.
  • Social behaviour, the developmental process and skill acquisition including the importance of play in the overall development of the child. The progression from simple to more complex forms of play and the relevance of this transition
  • Language and communication – The progression from initial eye contact to multidimensional communication.
  • Cognitive Development – The concept of benefits and theory of knowledge, the concept of genesis.
  • The intimate relationship between these different fields and the necessity of one to allow the progression of another.

13. Psychology in development

  • Personality and its relationship to behaviour.
  • Emotion, development to adulthood, emotion versus feeling.
  • Socialization, self-concept and socialization, primary socialization, early childhood and the role of the family.
  • Motivation, relationship to behaviour, motivation and learning theory.
  • Intelligence, intelligence quotient measures and cognitive development.

14. Abnormal development.

  • Common neurological and neuromuscular disorder
  • Common Musculoskeletal disorder
  • Common Genetic disorder.
  • Common congenital disorder
  • Common Orthopaedic disorder
  • Common Respiratory diseases
  • Common Endocrine disorders
  • Common Metabolic disorder

15. Emphasis will be placed on the following areas:

  • Review subjective and objective assessment with emphasis on relevance to paediatric conditions.
  • Practical application and interpretation of objective tests.
  • Physiotherapeutic techniques, the concept behind treatment approaches and their practical application.
  • These should include:- The Bo bath concept, Conductive education methods for activities of daily living and play,  positioning to decrease or increase tone, exercise and mobilisation, equipment, aids and appliances, respiratory treatment techniques, education of child and parent.
  • Common medication and primary care.
  • The role of the parent and the importance of play for a child.
  • A problem orientated approach to paediatric conditions and suitable techniques to treat them effectively.
  • How the conditions affect the various anatomical structures and the affect on the developmental process.
  • Problems that result from the conditions including secondary problems, which arise as a result of, initial abnormalities and how they progress, as the child gets older.
  • An understanding of the practical application of treatment differences between adults and children

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