Syllabus (Kinesiology)

KINESIOLOGY

Total Lecture: 100 Hrs

Time: 3 Hrs.

Total marks: 150

Written: 100

Oral/Practical: 30

Sessional: 20

  1. Introduction to human movement.
  • The anatomical position.
  • The planes of the body, sagital, frontal and transverse.
  • The axis of movement and the movements occurring in this axis.
  • Musculo-skeletal principles of movement.
  • The main issues in human motor control and the causes of motion.
  1. Joint function.
  • The close packed and loose packed position of all joints and its importance in the therapeutic setting
  • The classification of synovial joints in producing movement, and the factors limiting movement in each classification.
  • Joint chains and their use in measuring and recording movement and the difference between open and closed chain segments.
  • Degrees of freedom.
  • Practical measuring of the range of movement of various joints using a variety of methods.
  1. Muscles:
    • Classification of skeletal muscle and differentiate between contractile and non-contractile components.
    • Roles of muscles as prime movers, agonist, antagonists, fixators and synergists and their interaction to produce purposeful movement.
    • Types of muscle contraction including eccentric and concentric.
    • The practical skills necessary to test length and strength of muscles.
  1. Basic principles of mechanics and their involvement in movement:
    • The basic principles of mechanics including matter, mass, inertia, and weight.
    • Centre of gravity and line of gravity and their application to patient handling..
    • Force, levers and torque and their relevance to physiotherapy techniques..
    • Balance and stability and the factors affecting these.
    • Equilibrium – stable, unstable, neutral.
    • Motion in relation to Newton’s laws of motion and its application to physiotherapy.

5. The neuromuscular basis of human motion

  • The nervous system and basic nerve structures.
  • The motor unit.
  • Sensory receptor.
  • Reflex unit.
  • Volitional movement.
  • Neuromuscular analysis.

6. Joint and muscular movement of fundament mental movements

The upper extremity:- Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist and Hand Region.

The lower extremity:–  Hip, Knee, Ankle and Foot Region.

The Spinal and Thorax

7. Analysis of normal movement:

  • The essential features of everyday movements.
  • Rolling over and sitting up
  • Standing from sitting
  • Sitting down from standing
  • Walking
  • Reaching and manipulation

8. Analysis of posture both normal and abnormal.

  • Definition of posture
  • Normal posture
  • Types of posture and the essential components of standing and sitting postures.
  • Systematic evaluation of posture, common postural abnormalities.
  • Causes of poor or bad posture.
  • Postural re education

9. Gait:

  • Definition of gait cycle
  • Components of gait
  • Characteristics of gait
  • Gait analysis
  • Abnormal pattern of gait.
  • Swing to, swing through, two point and four point of gait.
  • Gait re-education.

10. Motor skill acquisition.

  • The basic aspects of motor skill acquisition.
  • Moving objects – pushing and pulling, throwing, striking and kicking
  • Locomotion – solid surface, Aquatic environment when suspended and support.

11.Lifting and handling.

  • The principles of safe lifting and handling.
  • Practical sessions on lifting techniques in a safe and effective manner.

 

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