Syllabus (Electrotherapy and Hydrotherapy)

ELECTROTHERAPY AND HYDROTHERAPY

 

Total Lecture: 100 Hrs                                                                          

Exam time: 3 Hrs.                                                                                       

Total marks: 150

  Written: 100

                                                                                                            Oral / Practical: 30

                                                                                                                       Sessional: 20

  1. Review of Neuro – muscular Physiology including effects of electrical stimulation
  2. Physiological responses to heat gain or loss on various tissues of the body.
  3. Therapeutic effects of heat, cold and electrical currents.
  4. Physical principles of Electro – Magnetic radiation.
  5. Physics of sound including characteristics and propagation.
  6. High frequency currents (S.W.D. and M.W.D) – Production, biophysical effects, types, therapeutic effects, techniques of application, indications, contraindications, precautions, operational skills and patient preparation.
  7. Medium frequency currents (Interferential Therapy) – Conceptual framework of medium frequency current therapy, production, biophysical effects, types, therapeutic effects, techniques of application, indications, contraindications, precautions, operational skills and patient preparation.
  8. High frequency sound waves (Ultrasound) – Production, biophysical effects, types, therapeutic effects, technique of application indications, contraindications, precautions, operational skills and patient preparation.
  9. Therapeutic light in Physiotherapy (LASER) – Definition, historical background, physical principles, biophysical effects, types, production, therapeutic effects, techniques of application, indications, contraindications, precautions, operational skills and patient preparation.
  10. Therapeutic cold (Cryotherapy) – Sources, biophysical effects, types, therapeutic effect, indications, contraindications, precautions, application techniques and patient preparation.
  11. Therapeutic mechanical pressure (Intermittent compression therapy) – Principle, biophysical effects, types, therapeutic effects, indications, contraindications, precautions, operational skill and patient preparation.
  12. Electro – diagnosis – Instrumentation, definition & basic techniques of E.M.G. and E.N.G.
  13. Bio-feedback – Instrumentation, principles. therapeutic effects, indications, contraindications, limitations, precautions, operational skills and patient preparation.

                                                       Hydrotherapy

  1. Introduction to the physical properties of water, buoyancy, hydrostatic pressure, specific gravity, viscosity and resistance
  2. General procedure of treatment.
  3. Therapeutic effect of hydrotherapy
  4. The physical properties of water in relation to the therapeutic uses of water.
  5. Introduction to hydrotherapy modalities, whirlpool, Hubbard tank, hydrotherapy pools.
  6. Physiotherapy treatment techniques using the medium of water (both shallow and deep), exercises for muscle strengthening and increasing range of movement, Bad Ragaz techniques, balance training, and ambulating.
  7. Safety rules and practical safety skills in water.
  8. The indication, contraindications to the use of specific forms of hydrotherapy.

Practical

  1. To study a short wave diathermy unit, its operation and different methods of application.
  2. To study a Micro wave diathermy unit, its operation unit, its operation and different methods of application.
  3. To study and Ultrasound unit, its operation and different methods of application.
  4. To study a Laser unit, its operation and different methods of application.
  5. To study various forms of therapeutic cold application including – ice, cold packs, vapour coolant sprays, etc.
  6. To study an intermittent therapy unit, its operation and different methods of application
  7. To study a Interferential pneumatic therapy unit, its operation and different methods of application
  8. To observe various Elector – myography (EMG) procedures.
  9. To observe various Electro – neurography (ENG) procedures.
  10. To study a Bio feedback unit, its operation and different methods of application

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