Syllabus (Community Medicine)


Total Lecture: 100 Hrs

Exam time: 2 Hrs.

    Total marks: 100

   Written: 50

Oral / Practical: 30

Sessional: 20

Course Contents:

  • Basic terminologies used in Community Medicine including: Health, Public Health, Preventive Medicine, Community Health, Community Medicine, Infection, Inflammation, Epidemiology, Epidemic, sporadic, pandemic, incidence, prevalence, incubation period, antiseptic, disinfection, sterilization, isolation, notification, surveillance and quarantine.
  • The concept of health, disease and causation of disease.
  • Indicators of health.
  • Introduction to the National health system in urban and rural areas.
  • Personal hygiene.
  • Epidemiology of infectious diseases:
    1. Ecological triad
    2. Transmission of disease
    3. Prevention and control of diseases
    4. Diseases spread through food, drink or poor hygiene: Diarrhoea, Cholera, Dysentery and Food poisoning.
  • Air borne diseases: Diphtheria, Meningitis, Tuberculosis and methods of prevention and control.
  • Insect borne diseases: Malaria, Dengue and methods of prevention and control.
  • Contact diseases: Leprosy and methods of prevention and control.
  • Other diseases: Tetanus, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Hepatitis.
  • Nutrition and nutritional disorders: Protein energy malnutrition (PEM), Goitre and Vitamin deficiency diseases- Vitamin A, B1, C, D, K, Nicotinic and Riboflavin.

Bacterial Diseases: – Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Rheumatic fever, Tetanus, Typhoid fever, Diphtheria, Pneumonia, Bacillary Dysentery and Measles.

Viral Diseases: Herpes – simplex and zoster, Varicella, measles, hepatitis B & C, AIDS & influenza.

Metabolic and deficiency Diseases: Diabetes, Anemia, diseases of the endocrine glands.

Diseases of Digestive Systems: – Pharyngitis, spasm of the Oesophagus, Diverticulum stenosis, Gastric ulcer, Hemetemesis, Pyloric stenosis, Dyspepsia, Vomiting, Diarrhoea, Duodenal ulcer etc.

Disease of Liver:.Jaundice Cirrhosis of liver, Abscess of liver, Ascitis.

Disease of Kidney: Polyuria, Hematuria, Uremia, Anuria, Nephritis, Urinary infections, Urinary calculi.

Diseases of Skin: Characteristics of normal skin, abnormal changes, types of skin lesions.

Conditions Leprosy, Acne, Boil, Carbuncles, Impetigo, Infections of skin, Herpes, Urticaria, Psoriasis, Skin disorders associated with circulatory disturbances, Warts, Corn, Defects in Pigmentation, Psoriasis, Leucoderma, Fungal infections, Alopecia, Dermatitis, Eczema, Skin – allergies, Venereal diseases.

  • Primary Health Care.
  • Extended Programme of Immunisation (EPI).
  • Health Education.
  • Family planning, principles and population control.
  • Basic first aid principles and practice.
  • Providing for patient Elimination: Giving and taking bed pan ,Urinal, Observation of stool, Urine, Sputum, Understanding of use and care of catheter.
  • Method of giving nourishment: Feeding, Tube feeding, Drip, Transfusion.
  • Care of rubber good: Observation, Reporting and recording Temperature, Respiratory rate and pulse. Sterilization and disinfection.
  • Surgical dressing
  • Parental administration of medicine: Injection. IV saline.

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