Syllabus (Biomechanics)


Total Lecture: 100 Hrs

Exam time: 3 Hrs.

                     Total marks: 150

Written: 100

                                                                                                    Oral / Practical: 30

                                                                                                               Sessional: 20


  1. Introduction to Biomechanics and terminology.
  2. Introduction to mechanics including motion, forces, parallel forces system
  3. Newton’s law of motion, concurrent force systems – composition forces, muscle action line etc.
  4. Kinematics description of motion – forces that modify motion.
  5. Work, Power and Energy.
  6. The analysis of linear motion.
  7. Centre of Gravity, line of gravity, stability and equilibrium.

The condition of Rotary Motion:

  • Rotary force.
  • The lever.
  • Newton’s laws and rotational equivalents.
  • Centripetal and centrifugal forces.
  • The analysis of rotary motion.

Joint Structure and Function:

  1. Basic principle of Joint design and a human joint.
  2. Tissues present in human joint including fibrous tissue, bone cartilage and connective tissue.
  3. Classification of joints.
  4. Joint function, Kinematics chains and range of motion.
  5. Recall anatomy and study the biomechanics of the spine, shoulder girdle, joints of the upper extremity, pelvic girdle and the joints of the lower extremity.

Muscle Structure and function:

  1. Mobility and stability functions of muscle.
  2. Elements of muscle structure and its properties.
  3. Types of muscle contractions and muscle work.
  4. Classification of muscles and their functions.
  5. Group action of muscles, Co-ordination of movement.

Posture & Gait:

  1. Posture – Definition, factors responsible for posture, relationship of gravity on posture.
  2. Postural imbalance – factors responsible for imbalance in Static and dynamic positions including ergonomics.
  3. Description of Normal gait, determinants of gait, spatio temporal features and analysis.
  4. Gait deviations – Types, Causative factors and analysis.


  1. To study the effects of forces on objects.
  2. To find out the C.G. of on object.
  3. To identify axis and planes of motion at the joints of spine, shoulder girdle, joints of upper extremity, Pelvic girdle and joints of lower extremity.
  4. To study the different types of muscle contraction, muscle work, group action of muscles of coordinated movements.
  5. Analysis of Normal posture respect to L.O.G. and the optimal position of joints in Antereo -posterior and lateral views.
  6. Analysis of normal gait and measurement of spatio temporal features.

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