Total Lecture: 100 Hrs
Exam time: 3 Hrs.
Total marks: 150
Oral / Practical: 30
- Introduction to Biomechanics and terminology.
- Introduction to mechanics including motion, forces, parallel forces system
- Newton’s law of motion, concurrent force systems – composition forces, muscle action line etc.
- Kinematics description of motion – forces that modify motion.
- Work, Power and Energy.
- The analysis of linear motion.
- Centre of Gravity, line of gravity, stability and equilibrium.
The condition of Rotary Motion:
- Rotary force.
- The lever.
- Newton’s laws and rotational equivalents.
- Centripetal and centrifugal forces.
- The analysis of rotary motion.
Joint Structure and Function:
- Basic principle of Joint design and a human joint.
- Tissues present in human joint including fibrous tissue, bone cartilage and connective tissue.
- Classification of joints.
- Joint function, Kinematics chains and range of motion.
- Recall anatomy and study the biomechanics of the spine, shoulder girdle, joints of the upper extremity, pelvic girdle and the joints of the lower extremity.
Muscle Structure and function:
- Mobility and stability functions of muscle.
- Elements of muscle structure and its properties.
- Types of muscle contractions and muscle work.
- Classification of muscles and their functions.
- Group action of muscles, Co-ordination of movement.
Posture & Gait:
- Posture – Definition, factors responsible for posture, relationship of gravity on posture.
- Postural imbalance – factors responsible for imbalance in Static and dynamic positions including ergonomics.
- Description of Normal gait, determinants of gait, spatio temporal features and analysis.
- Gait deviations – Types, Causative factors and analysis.
- To study the effects of forces on objects.
- To find out the C.G. of on object.
- To identify axis and planes of motion at the joints of spine, shoulder girdle, joints of upper extremity, Pelvic girdle and joints of lower extremity.
- To study the different types of muscle contraction, muscle work, group action of muscles of coordinated movements.
- Analysis of Normal posture respect to L.O.G. and the optimal position of joints in Antereo -posterior and lateral views.
- Analysis of normal gait and measurement of spatio temporal features.