Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia: A disorder of disturbance of perception, thought, emotion, motivation and motor activity behavior leading to change of personality.

Schizophrenia is a major mental disorder of multifactor etiology and divergent characterized by the disturbance of thought, perception and behavior.

Causes

Schizophrenia caused by a chemical imbalance and other changes in the brain. It tends to run in families, but the environment may also play a role.
While it affects men and women the same, symptoms tend to start earlier in men than in women. It’s rare in childhood.

Clinical feature:

[A] In acute Schizophrenia:

  • Lack of insight.
  • Auditory visual and somatic hallucination.
  • Ideas of reference.
  • Delusion of reference.
  • Persecutory delusion.
  • Impaired cognition.
  • Emotional disturbance.
  • Motor disorder.
  • Flatness of effect.
  • Thought broadcasting.
  • Thought withdrawal.

[B] In chronic Schizophrenia:

  • Social withdrawal.
  • Lack of drive and inactive.
  • Under activity.
  • Lack of anversation.
  • Thought disorders.
  • Odd behavior.
  • Deterioration of personal, social, educational and occupational functioning.

How is schizophrenia diagnosed?

To diagnose this disease, your health care provider will ask about your medical history and symptoms. You may also have a physical exam. You may also have lab tests to rule out other conditions.

Mental health care professionals diagnose and treat this illness. They often interview family members. This helps doctors get a complete picture of the symptoms.

How is schizophrenia treated?

Managing schizophrenia is a lifelong process. It can’t be cured. But, symptoms can often be managed with medication and therapy. Often, more than one method is needed. Types of treatment that may be helpful include:

  • Antipsychotic medications.These are the main drugs used to reduce the most troubling symptoms such as delusions and paranoia.
  • Other drugsthat may help include antidepressants or other mood stabilizers.
  • Therapy.Individual and family therapy (including cognitive and behavioral therapy)
  • Training.These may include learning social skills, job skills, or structured activity.
  • Self-help and support groups.

Early treatment and supportive services helps affected people live productive lives. It’s very important to take medications exactly as prescribed and continue to take them even if you feel better. Many people may continue to have some symptoms, even with treatment. At times, symptoms may get worse and treatment will need to be adjusted.

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