EQUILIBRIUM: It results when the forces acting upon a body are balanced and the body remains at rest.

Types of equilibrium are    

  • Stable equilibrium: If the forces acting upon a body at rest tend to restore it to its original position after it has been displaced, the body is said to be in stable equilibrium.
  • Unstable equilibrium: If a body is given an initial displacement and the forces acting upon it increase this initial displacement, the body is said to be in unstable equilibrium.
  • Neutral equilibrium: If, inspite of displacement of a body, the height and position of its centre of gravity remain the same in relation to the base, the body is said to be in neutral position.


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