Vestibular Exercise Program to Overcome
AIMS OF EXERCISE:
- To loosen up the muscles of the neck and shoulders, to overcome the protective muscular spasm and tendency to move “in one piece.”
- To train movement of the eyes, independent of the head.
- To practice balancing in the everyday situations with special attention to developing the use of the eyes and muscle senses.
- To practice head movements that cause dizziness, anad thus gradually overcome the disability.
- To become accustomed to moving about naturally in daylight and in the dark.
- To encourage the restoration of self-confidence and easy spontaneous movement.
All exercises are started in exaggerated slow time and gradually progress to more rapid time. The rate of progression from the bed-to-sitting to standing exercises depends upon the dizziness in each individual case. Perform these exercises twice daily.
SITTING POSITION – WITHOUT ARM RESTS
- Eye Exercises – at first slow, then quick, 20 times
- Up and Down
- Side to Side
- Repeat A and B; focusing on finger at arms length.
- Head exercises – look at a fixed object and move head left and right, up and down.
- Head movements at first slow – 20 times
- Then quick – 20 times
- Shrug shoulders and rotate head, left to right – 20 times
- Bend forward and pick up objects from the ground – 20 times
- Rotate both head and shoulders slowly, then quickly – 20 times
- Rotate head, shoulders, and trunk with eyes open, then closed – 20 times
- Repeat #1
- Repeat #2
- Repeat #5
- Change from a sitting position to a standing position with eyes open, then eyes closed.*
- Throw a ball from hand to hand above eye level.
- Throw a ball from hand to hand below knee level.
- Change from a sitting position to a standing position and turn around in between.
- Repeat #6
- Walk across the room with eyes open, then eyes closed, – 10 times.*
- Walk up and down a slope with eyes open, then eyes closed, – 10 times.
- Do any games involving stooping, or stretching and aiming, such as bowling, shuffleboard, etc.
- Stand on one foot with eyes open, then closed.*
- Walk with one foot in front of the other with eyes open, then eyes closed.*